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Llama and Alpaca Health

These links lead to articles that may be helpful in keeping your animals healthy, or in recognizing and treating disease. I've tried to keep the links to those written by veterinarians or specialists in some field, but a few are written by the general public. Many diseases or conditions may appear similar, so veterinary disgnosis is extremely important. As always, check with your own vet before trying a cure or medication.

Liver Disease and Ulcers ~ Parasites and Control ~ Neonatal, Birth Defects, IgG Info
Reproduction ~ Vaccinations ~ Other Diseases and Conditions (including skin)
Nutrition or Poisoning ~ Injuries and Treatment ~ Assorted Articles
Consulting Camelid Veterinarians ~ Veterinary Colleges

Liver Disease and Ulcers

OSU Critical Care: Successful Treatment of Fatty Liver Syndrome in Llamas
OSU Veterinary Journal

Liver Disease in Camelids
David Anderson

Action Plan for Camelids Affected with Acute Death Associated with Liver Disease
David Anderson

Views on Fatty Liver Disease
David Anderson, Brad Smith, Susan Tornquist, Robert Van Saun

Hepatic Lipidosis in the Camelid: A Different Perspective
Brad Smith, Susan Tornquist, Robert Van Saun

The Acute Abdomen in South American Camelids
David Anderson

Stomach Ulcers in Alpacas and Llamas
Steve Purdy

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Parasites and Control

Sarcocystosis: A Parasite Endemic to Andean Alpacas
Stuart White

Llama Parasite Control
David Anderson

Meningeal Worm Infection
Steve Purdy

Eimeria and Isospora (coccidiosis)

The Tick Research Lab

Mallophaga - Biting Lice

Siphunculata - Sucking Lice

Flies

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Neonatal, Birth Defects, and IgG Info

Birth to 24 Hours of Age
Bradford B. Smith, Karen I. Timm, Patrick O. Long

Longer Gestations and Smaller Birth Weights in Spring-Born Alpacas
George Davis

Congenital Defects Commonly Seen in Camelids
David Anderson

Wry Face in Camelids
LaRue W. Johnson

Choanal Atresia in the Alpaca
Bradford B. Smith, Karen I. Timm, Michael Huber, Barbara J. Watrous, Jerry Heidel

Alpaca and Llama Neonatology (includes Common Congenital Defects in Camelids)
Steve Purdy

Dystocias
Bradford B. Smith, Karen I. Timm, Patrick O. Long

Assessing Fetal Health: When is the Gestating Cria at Risk?
David Anderson

Questions and Answers About Llama IgG and Plasma Transfer
Donald Jorgensen

Triple J Farms Llama Plasma
Donald Jorgensen

The Advantages Of Measuring IgG In Llama Colostrum
Donald Jorgensen

How to Correct Abnormal IgG Levels in Newborn Llamas
Donald Jorgensen

Cow Colostrum, An Alternative Supplement For The Newborn Llama
Donald Jorgensen

Testing to Develop Normals on Newborn Crias From Birth to Weaning
Donald Jorgensen

Llama Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and It's Role As An Indicator Of Health Status
Donald Jorgensen

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Reproduction

Alpaca and Llama Reproduction
Steve Purdy

Infertility in Female Llamas
David Anderson

Reproductive Problems in the Alpaca
Part 1: Assessing Reproductive Problems in Proven Alpacas

Brad Smith, Pat Long

Efficient Alpaca Breeding
Eric Hoffman

Conformation and Breeding Practices
Steve Purdy

Diagnosis and Treatment of Uterine Infections in Alpacas (A Study in Progress)
Steve Purdy

Of Teeth, Tails, and Vulvas: Observations from the Field
Brad Smith

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Vaccinations

If I give a cria with a low IgG a CD/T shot, will that help raise it's immunities?
See Question and Answer #6:
Donald Jorgensen

Causes of Vaccination-Immunization Failures in Livestock
Duane Rice, Denis Erickson, Dale Grotelueschen

Camelid Vaccination Protocol
David Anderson

Alpaca and Llama Vaccination Schedule
Steve Purdy

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Nutrition or Poisoning

Practical Llama and Alpaca Nutrition
Steve Purdy

Why Vitamins & Minerals for Llamas and Alpacas?
Look below the graph.

Feeding the Pregnant Alpaca
Robert J. Van Saun

Rickets in Alpacas and Llamas
Steve Purdy

Understanding Vitamin and Mineral Supplements for Camelids: Reading Between the Lines
Robert J. Van Saun

UW Forage Research Articles

Grass Tetany (grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning, hypomagnesemia)
Paul Q. Guyer, Alex Hogg, Gene White

Vitamin E Deficiency or Excess
Vitamin E and Selenium are closely related in their nutritional biochemistry.

Vitamin A Deficiency or Excess

Vitamin D Deficiency or Excess

Copper Deficiency or Excess

Zinc Deficiency or Excess

Vitamins and Minerals Associated with Diseases in the Various Body Systems

List of Essential Vitamins and Minerals

HiMag Fescue May Help Thwart Grass Tetany (Hypomagnesemia)

University of Illinois - Plants Toxic to Animals

Indiana Plants Poisonous to Livestock and Pets

Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System

Toxic Plants of the Southeast

Poisonous Plants in the Western US

Poisonous Plants of North Carolina

Poisonous Plants - Pennsylvania VetMed

Cornell University - Toxic Agents in Plants

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Other Diseases and Conditions

Common Camelid Diseases
(includes Esophageal Choke, Tooth Root Abscesses, Dermatologic Problems)

Steve Purdy

Contagious Abscesses in Camelids
David Anderson

Common Alpaca and Llama Skin Problems
Steve Purdy

Camel Dermatophilosis in Kenya
Gitao C. G. - University of Nairobi, Dept. of Vet. Pathology and Microbiology

Ringworm and Club Lamb Fungus
Dr. Ted Doane, Doyle Wolverton

Epidermal epidemic - Attacking ringworm and rain rot
Mark A. Crisman

Mud Fever caused by dermatophilus congolensis
(AKA rain rot, dew poisoning, rain scald, greasy heal)

Soremouth in Sheep (Contagious Ecthyma or Orf)
Fred M. Hopkins, Warren Gill

Contagious Ecthyma (Sore Mouth or Orf)
J.M. Peralta

Contagious Ecthyma - photo of sheep (Orf, Sore Mouth, Pustular Dermatitis)

Patella Luxation
Ty McConnell

The Whys and "What-for" of Leg Conformation
Karen I. Timm

Urolithiasis in Small Ruminants
David Anderson

Leptospirosis of Domestic Animals
Donald B. Hudson

Mycobacterium Paratuberculosis in Animals
Alan Kennedy

Johne's disease in alpacas (Lama pacos) in Australia
Ridge, Harkin, Badman, Mellor, Larsen

Horner's Syndrome
University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine

Valley Fever
Yes, camelids get it too.

Possible Valley Fever Cure
We don't know if this has been tried on camelids.

Frequently Asked Questions about Johne's Disease

Picornavirus

Lyme Disease

List of diseases in alphabetic order

Recent Disease Articles by Country

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Injuries and Treatment

Cervical Vertebral Injuries in Camelids
David Anderson

Broken Bones: What to do when the worst happens
David Anderson

On-Farm Emergency Treatment of Alpacas
David Anderson

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Assorted

Snake Bite - Treatment and snake traps

Castration of Camelids: When, Where, Why
David Anderson

Facial Swellings: What do they mean? What do we do?
David Anderson

Alpaca and Llama Dentistry
Steve Purdy

Normal Alpaca and Llama Blood Values
Steve Purdy

Winter Health Care
Steve Purdy

Alpaca and Llama Dentistry
Steve Purdy

Llama and Alpaca Drug Dosages
Steve Purdy

The Alpaca Eye Study
Steve Purdy

Current Camelid Research at OSU

Future Camelid Research at OSU

Morris Animal Foundation Studies

Recently Published APHIS Rules & Notices

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Consulting Camelid Veterinarians
If your veterinarian is new to llamas, alpacas, guanacos or camels, one of these vets may be able to answer questions. Have your current vet contact them. Please do not bother these busy vets yourself *unless* you plan on engaging them as your own vet. All of these veterinarians have been recommended by various camelid owners or asked to be listed.
Alabama ~ California ~ Colorado ~ Florida ~ Kentucky ~ Illinois ~ Maine ~ Michigan
New Mexico ~ Ohio ~ Oregon ~ Texas ~ Utah ~ Vermont ~ Virginia ~ Washington
Wisconsin

ALABAMA

Dr. David Pugh
Dr. Christine Navarre
(205) 844-4490
College of Vet Med
Auburn University
AL 36849

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CALIFORNIA

Dr. Murray Fowler
(916) 752-9610
Univ. of California-Davis College of Vet Med

Dr. Rick Frey
(530) 652-5818
Loomis near Sacramento

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COLORADO

Dr. LaRue Johnson and Dr. Frank Gary
(970) 221-4535 or (970) 484-9151
Colorado State College of Vet Med

Dr. Tim Thompson
(970) 785-2284
Town & Country Veterinary Clinic
PO Box 450
Platteville, CO 80651

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FLORIDA

Dr. Keely Smith
1-888-281-7417
Hudson, FL

University of Florida College of VetMed
(352) 392-4700 extension 4000
Gainesville, FL

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KENTUCKY

Dr. Norm Evans
(270) 821-7993
Mobile Veterinary Services
810 Dodson Lane
Madisonville KY 42431

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ILLINOIS

Dr. Rod Yetter
(309) 543-2091
Prairie Ridge Vet.Clinic
201 S. Prairie Ridge Drive
Havana, Il. 62644

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MAINE

Dr. Barbara Perkins
(207) 933-2165
Annabessacook Vet Clinic
417 Route 135
Monmouth, Maine 04259

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MICHIGAN

Dr. Lee Ann Berglund-Fosdick
517-294-1712
Lee Ann's Mobile Veterinary Service
Fowlerville, MI

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NEW MEXICO

Dr. Terry Jantzen and Dr. Ann Gwinn
(505) 454-0117
Animal Care Clinic
1000 Mills Avenue
Las Vegas, NM 87701

Dr. Jim Fallen
(505) 897-3787
9300 Guadalupe Trail NW
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87114
Training: CSU(Colorado State University) with Dr. LaRue Johnson
Llama vet for over 15 years.

Dr. Linda Contos and Dr. John Heidrich
(505) 897-8200
8414 4th Street NW
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87114
Llama owner and llama vet.

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OHIO

Dr. David E Anderson
(614) 292 6661
Columbus, Ohio
Ohio State University College of Vet Med
Llama Research Program
Camelid Health Topics

Dr. Toni Cotton
Phone (419) 299-3716 Fax (419) 299-3786
Camelid Veterinary Services
14136 T.R. 108
Findlay, Ohio 45840
Dr Cotton has been a camelid veterinarian for 9 years.
She does consultations for veterinarians and breeders.

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OREGON

Dr. Brad Smith
(503) 737-2858
OSU College of Vet Med
Oregon State University
200 Magruder Hall
Corvallis OR 97331-4801
OSU Veterinary Journal

Dr. Pat Long
(541) 752-3786
Private practice in Oregon
co-author with Brad Smith of a neo-natal book

Dr. Paul Jones
(503) 982-2421
Woodburn Vet Clinic
225 South Pacific Hwy
Woodburn, OR 97071

Drs. Tom & Jerilynn Booher
(503) 359-5767
Timberland Alpacas Vet Services
12510 Shearer Hill Rd
Forest Grove, OR 97116
(Alpacas only)


Dr. Fisher and Associates
(503) 538-8303
Newberg Veterinary Clinic
Newberg, Or

Jean E. Zach-Manhart, DVM
(541) 479-2221
Pacific Veterinary Clinic, P.C.
275 Fruitdale Drive
Grants Pass, OR 97527
Private practice in Southern Oregon

Dr. Kecia Smilie
(503) 463-5698
Salem, OR

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TEXAS

College of VetMed
Large Animal (409) 845-3541
Local Appointments (409) 845-9062
Texas A&M University
College Station, Texas 77843-4461

Dr. Gary Warner
(512) 285-3375
Elgin Vet Hospital
Hwy 290E, Elgin, TX

Dr. Gary Oneal
(817) 464-3231
Argyle Vet Clinic
Argyle, TX

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UTAH

**CAMELS ONLY**
Charmian Wright, DVM
(435) 649-6273
7526 Whileaway Rd. East
Park City, UT 84098

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VERMONT

Dr. Stephen R. Purdy
(802) 875-4503 * Fax (802) 875-4889
1847 Trebo Road
Chester, Vermont

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VIRGINIA

Dr. Karen Baum
540-297-1051
Little Doc's Veterinary Care
1484 Wandering Acres Rd.
Huddleston, VA 24104

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WASHINGTON

Dr Steve Parrish
(509) 335-0711
Washington State University
Pullman, WA

Dr. Ron Schuler
(360) 376-5312
Orcas Island, WA

Dr. Charles Stillion
(360) 249-4840
4 Old Beacon Road
Montesano, WA 98563

Dr. Randall Thomas
(360) 273-5908
Scattercreek Animal Clinic
7430 183rd Avenue S.W.
Rochester, WA. 98579

Dr. Bo Weeks
(360) 876-1544
Bo Weeks Veterinary Service
Gig Harbor, WA

Dr. Amy Polhemus
(360) 825-2061
Country Animal Hospital
24407 SE 440th
Enumclaw, WA

Dr. Lisa Gift
(360) 568-3111
Pilchuck Veterinary Clinic
Snohomish, Washington

Dr. Steve Harroun
(509) 935-6424
Emergencies (509) 935-6434
Chewelah Vet Clinic
Chewelah, WA 99109

Dr. John Flory and Dr. Jan Curtis
(360) 943-8144
Deschutes Animal Clinic
7248 Capitol Blvd
Tumwater, WA 98501

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WISCONSIN

Dr. Kristy J. Brown
(608) 269-3292
Leon Valley Veterinary Services
7369 Sparta, Wi. 54656
Specializing in Camelid Medicine, Surgery & Reproduction

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VET MED COLLEGES

Auburn University College of Vet Med
Univ. of California-Davis College of Vet Med
Colorado State University College of Vet Med
Cornell University College of Vet Med
University of Florida College of Vet Med
University of Georgia College of Vet Med
University of Illinois College of Vet Med
Iowa State University College of Vet Med
Kansas State University College of Vet Med
Louisiana State University School of Vet Med
Michigan State University College of Vet Med
University of Minnesota College of Vet Med
Mississippi State University College of Vet Med
University of Missouri College of Vet Med
North Carolina St. University College of Vet Med
Ohio State University College of Vet Med
Oklahoma State University College of Vet Med
Oregon State University College of Vet Med
University of Pennsylvania School of Vet Med
Purdue University School of Vet Med
Texas A & M University College of Vet Med
Tufts University School of Vet Med (Massachusetts)
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Vet Med
Washington State University College of Vet Med
University of Wisconsin School of Vet Med

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Liver Disease and Ulcers ~ Parasites and Control ~ Neonatal and IgG Info
Reproduction ~ Vaccinations ~ Nutrition or Poisoning ~ Other Diseases and Conditions
Injuries and Treatment ~ Assorted Articles ~ Consulting Camelid Veterinarians


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